HOW TO CARE FOR BLACK HAIR (TYPE 3 & 4)
HOW TO CARE FOR BLACK HAIR (TYPE 3 & 4)
Do you know your coils from your curls? Read our haircare guide for tips on how to clarify and care for Type 3 and 4 black hair…
Black hair is unpredictable, right! When it comes to caring for natural hair, there’s
no one-size-fits-all haircare solution, which is why it’s important to know your
specific hair type so you can finally put a ban on bad hair days!
What is Type 4 Hair?
Generally known as coily or textured hair, type 4 hair has a tight curl pattern
with each strand forming a tight S or Z, known as “coils”. Common to Type 4A,
4B or 4C hair, this black hair type has different densities and porosity levels (the hair’s ability to retain moisture), which changes the way your natural hair reacts to water, the weather and haircare products.
4A: Your coils are fine or wiry but still dense and springy with a notable S-pattern.
4B: Instead of coiling or curling, your natural hair bends in sharp angles. The curl is tighter and less defined, while texture ranges from wiry and coarse to fine and thin.
4C: You have hair as densely-packed as 4B, just with less definition. Your natural hair texture ranges from fine and soft to coarse and wiry. It’s incredibly delicate hair.
Type 3 Hair Unpacked
Type 3 natural hair can be easy to maintain if you know your corkscrew curls from your loose curls! Typically more voluminous, Type 3 hair responds well to moisture-intensive black haircare products. Use products with argan oil to tame frizz, and
don’t skimp on the leave-in conditioner (we recommend Boity Supreme Leave-in Conditioner).
How do you know if you have type 3 natural hair? It’s straight when wet, but curls when dry!
3A: Your curls are big and loose.
3B: Your curls are springy and voluminous, with variants from corkscrews to ringlets.
3C: Sometimes called “curly coily” hair, this black hair type is made up of tightly-packed corkscrew-like curls and tends to have the highest amount of volume (and also the most shrinkage).
Similarities Between Type 3 & 4 Natural Hair
- Hair is prone to shrinkage when washing, or in humid weather.
- Hair is dry and brittle, and often suffers from frizz and fly-aways.
- Hair struggles to absorb, hold and maintain its natural moisture.
- Hair is prone to tangling, and can break if not detangled correctly.
Why is Natural Hair Prone to Moisture Loss?
Unlike other hair profiles, type 3 and 4 natural hair is drier because it’s made up
of coils and curls that don’t allow the full hair strand to absorb moisture. This causes dryness and breakage, so it’s essential you make time for a healthy haircare routine.
When it comes to haircare for black women, moisture and maintenance are non-negotiable. Try these haircare solutions for natural hair – coily, curly and textured!
How To Care for Natural Hair
DETANGLE & DEEP-CONDITION
Because the curl pattern in your natural hair can cause the strands to wrap around themselves and cause knots, gently comb the hair with a wide-tooth comb before shampooing. To save time, do a detangle on deep-conditioning days.
How to detangle black hair: Separate the hair into 3 or 4 pieces, then gently comb through your leave-in-conditioner. Running low on conditioner? You can also use coconut oil to prevent split-ends and moisture loss.
Do a deep-condition once a week for best results. The moisture boost improves your hair’s health and keeps your hair soft and glossy!
NOURISH YOUR SCALP!
Because types 3 and 4 natural hair suffer from dryness, your scalp takes a beating too. To treat a dry scalp, dap some coconut or olive oil onto your fingers and gently massage your scalp. This stimulates blood flow, which promotes new hair growth. Try to limit the use of heat styling tools, and cut out chemical and colour treatments where possible.
We also recommend a spritz of Boity Illustrious Scalp Spray before styling your hair. Rich in antioxidants and Black Seed Oil, the spray gently soothes the scalp while providing intense nourishment and protection from root to tip.
DON’T FORGET YOUR BEDTIME BONNET
Covering your natural hair with a silk or satin bonnet before bedtime helps preserve its natural texture, and it locks in moisture while you’re asleep. Cotton or polyester bonnets strip the hair of its oils, which over time leads to dry, frizzy and knotty hair.
The Boity Haircare Collection is specifically formulated to care for type 3 and 4 natural hair. Our haircare products for black hair contain Black Seed Oil, which
helps keep your coils and curls moisturised, soft and shiny. #OwnYourCrown